Check out a brand new report from IUCN: "The Ocean and Climate Change - Tools and Guidelines for Action"
The publications provides a holistic view in terms of the marine mitigation and adaptation strategies that are available while outlining a clear set of action recommendations for policy decision-makers.
The report includes a section dedicated to MPAs as part of an integrated Ecosystem-based Adaptation approach to climate change. Action recommendations include:
- Significantly increase the size and number of fully protected areas to allow ecosystems to recover their full suite of services.
- Increase effectiveness of existing MPAs and ensure proper implementation of new MPAs.
- Develop management plans for multiple use areas that increase the resilience of impacted marine and coastal ecosystems and maintain areas that have not yet been adversely affected.
- Protect multiple replicates of marine habitats/ecosystems to prevent biodiversity from being lost as a result of isolated disturbances.
- Encourage connectivity synergies between coastal and marine ecosystems by protecting ecological corridors such as those connecting mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs.
- Establish “Predictive Protected Areas,”which provide some level of protection for areas expected to be future refugia and areas that have demonstrated some resilience to the effects of climate change.
- Create limited-use buffer zones for transitions between fully protected and open access areas.
- Develop and implement new, creative enforcement mechanisms, e.g. locally empowered enforcement processes.
- Incorporate a wide range of stakeholders into MPA design, implementation, and enforcement to ensure ownership and commitment to the projected outcomes of the product.
Download the full report: